UNICEF Cameroon Humanitarian Situation Report, June 2017 – ReliefWeb
• The results of the IOM DTM 8 in May showed an increase in IDPs, unregistered refugees, and returnees in the Far North region with a total of 318,929 displaced people, of which 67% are children under 18 years old.
• During the month of June, coinciding with the month of Ramadan, the security situation in the Far North deteriorated, with 18 PBIED attacks and a significant increase in military operations. As a result, there has been a decrease in humanitarian access and an increase humanitarian needs.
• The increased insecurity in CAR has seen a growing number of Central Africans crossing the border, seeking safe haven. In June, approximately 700 people have crossed into two areas.
228,443 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) (DTM 8, May 2017)
58,027 Returnees (DTM 8, May 2017)
91,278 Nigerian Refugees 889 refugees from Minawao Refugee Camp spontaneously returned in the month of June (UNHCR, Cameroon Factsheet, June 2017)
212,534 CAR Refugees in the East and Adamawa regions (rural areas) (UNHCR, Cameroon Factsheet June 2017)
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Impact of the Lake Chad Basin Crisis:
The DTM 8 (IOM, May 2017) showed that there are 228,443 IDPs, a slight increase compared to 223,642 in March 2017. It also showed that there are 32,459 unregistered refugees, an increase from 30,593 in March, and 58,027 returnees, an increase from 43,435 in March. The majority of these three populations are located in the Logone and Chari department. UNICEF and OCHA conducted a rapid needs assessment in Kolofata on May 26, 2017 through which 12,500 IDPs and 673 unregistered refugees were identified through the Presidents of the Refugees and IDP communities. These people were in urgent need of food, shelter, protection, WASH, and healthcare.
As of June 28, 2017, in Mozogo in the Mayo Tsanaga Department, 236 children (115 boys and 121 girls) and their parents were being held after surrendering themselves to authorities. They fled Nigeria where they had been held hostage by Boko Haram since 2014 and are being held until their legal status is determined. In the meantime, the number continues to grow as more people arrive. In partnership with the Regional Delegation of Social Affairs and the NGO ALDEPA, UNICEF is providing these children with psychosocial support, food, WASH, and nutrition items. UNICEF has been collaborating with other organizations and the government to advocate for the rights of the children and has been successful in confirming that all families are Cameroonian and assistance will be provided to them as they return to their homes.
According to UNHCR, in Minawao Camp, as of June 10, 2017 there were 64,189 refugees. 889 refugees from Minawao Camp decided to return spontaneously and using their own means to Nigeria (Banki and Pulka) on June 17, 2017 (UNHCR, Flash Info 17 June 2017). These returns follow the 12,000 refugees from Minawao Camp who returned spontaneously to Nigeria during the month of May. On June 27-28, 2017, the Nigerian and Cameroonian military forced 887 refugees (460 children) from Kolofata, Cameroon to return to Banki, Nigeria (UNHCR, June 28) without compliance with the international commitments on refugee protection regarding voluntary repatriation.
Impact of the CAR crisis:
Intermittent upsurges in violence in the CAR continue to fuel the ongoing influx of refugees. According to local authorities and the representatives of the refugees, about 200 refugees have arrived in Garoua-Boulaï and 500 in Bétaré – Oya and have yet to be officially registered by UNHCR. These refugees use non-official entry points and go straight to communities to seek refuge with host families with whom they are related. Most then return to the CAR as soon as there is a lull on the other side of the border and remain ready to re-cross into Cameroon pending upsurges in violence making these refugees particularly susceptible to the insecurity of the border area. The ability of humanitarian actors to continue to assist new refugees in Cameroon is of concern due to the drastic reduction in aid which has resulted in food aid decreasing by half.