UNICEF Angola Humanitarian Situation Report – February 2017 – Reliefweb

Highlights

  • An estimated 1.42 million people are affected by the drought crisis,
    including 756,000 children. Of this estimation, 800,000 people are located
    in the provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila.

  • As of February 2017, the total number of cumulative suspected cases in
    the ongoing cholera outbreaks stands at 306. Soyo – 184; Cabinda – 100
    and Luanda – 22. A total of 11 deaths have been reported: Soyo – 8;
    Cabinda – 3 and Luanda – 0. Four of the five confirmed cases in Luanda
    had links to the outbreak in Soyo.

  • Heavy rains and flooding are affecting Cunene province, resulting in an
    increased risk of waterborne diseases and probability of displaced
    populations. UNICEF is currently assessing the situation with a crosssectoral team.

  • In 2016, with support from UNICEF, 17,762 children under five with severe
    acute malnutrition (SAM) were treated through therapeutic treatment
    programmes and 118,000 people provided with access to safe water. In
    coordination with the Ministry of Health, UNICEF also supported 330,898
    children in three targeted provinces with the measles vaccine.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

Severe droughts continue to affect the seven southern provinces of Cunene,
Huila, Namibe, Benguela, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza Sul and Huambo. The
most affected are the three border provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila
where UNICEF is focusing its comprehensive response. El Niño has resulted
in significant food production losses of almost 90 per cent; leaving 800,000
people food insecure. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) rates remain high at
3.6 per cent for Cunene and Cuando Cubango, higher than the reported
national average of 1 per cent (DHS, 2016). The same report indicated an
acute malnutrition rate of 11 per cent and stunting prevalence rate between
20-29 per cent (DHS, 2016). In 2016, the estimated caseload of children with
SAM in the seven most affected provinces was 95,877. In 2016, UNICEF has
reached over 17,000 children under five with SAM through therapeutic
treatment programmes.

Approximately 30 per cent of existing boreholes are non-functional mainly
due to a lack of maintenance and missing spare parts. People continue to use
unclean water for drinking, washing and cooking; including sharing water
sources with animals, resulting in increased cases of diarrhoea and other
water borne diseases. The drought and flash-floods are exacerbating
migratory movements of whole communities, including cross-border movements, which raises child protection concerns – from sexual abuse of girls exposed while walking long distances to
fetch water to child labour or reduced school attendance.

An increase of cholera cases, mainly in the provinces of Zaire and Cabinda, has been reported since January 2017. In
response to the ongoing cholera outbreaks the Ministry of Health, with support from technical partners, including
UNICEF has stepped up surveillance, health promotion and prevention activities as well as appropriate case management
as part of a comprehensive response plan.

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